sesam is one of Sudan's most famous exports. The plant is known for its edible seeds and its uses in cuisines all over the world
Sesame (Sesamum Indicum) is a flowering plant from the genus known as Sesamum Their plant family is pedaliaceae.. It grows in numerous countries in Asia and Africa and is cultivated for its edible seeds which grow in pods. The plant grows up to 100 cm with opposite leaves 4 to 14 cm long with an entire margin.
Sesame known for its seeds that are used to produce oil or are consumed on their own. The seeds contain 50 to 60% fatty oil. The oil has powerful antioxidants and because the triple unsaturated fatty acids are missing, it can be stored for long periods of time.
The seeds are added to bread , salads, biscuits and candy. Sesame oil is also used for scrubbing the skin and massaging it. The seeds are rich in iron, magnesium, cooper , calcium, vitamins and they also contain sesamin which are antioxidant and have anti-cancer properties. Also, the seeds have phytosterols which reduces blood cholestoral.